【独学で英語マスター ♡ Lesson 2】使い勝手の良い「Have」を基本から勉強しよう!

 

皆さんこんにちは!当ブログは (学校の授業などで英語学習教材として活用していただくことも可能ですが)、独学で勉強する方にとってのテキスト本的役割を担うことを前提に想定しています。

語彙の目安としては、初心者の基本レベル 〜 3000語を使うことができるレベルの学習者までを対象に学んでいただけることを目的としています (もっとも、中・上級者の復習用教材としても活用できます)。

 

(ここに登場する) 単語や文章は、日常生活の中でよく使われている有用なものを重視して選んでいます。役立つフレーズと語の配置までをも意識して作成されているのです。

例えば、domakeの違いのような、教えるのに困難なものに関しては、(we do our homework, but we make mistakes)といった文章を通して理解しやすいように対応しています。

 

繰り返しになりますが、このブログは日常生活でよく使うであろう単語や表現を中心に作成されています。なので、一通り学習をし終えた後は繰り返し復習し、さらに、誰かと会話をすることで定着させていってもらいたいと思います。

そして、他のテキストや様々な実践状況の中で学んだことを広げていくことも大事です。是非、1~3ヶ月のうちには復習してあげてくださいねっ!(忘れないで!)

 

 

それではさっそく

始めましょう!

 

今回の主役は「have」です。

(英語だけを使って英語を勉強しましょうねっ)

 

 

 

 

 

have / had / had ☆

 

 


 

What can you have?

You can have

  •  lunch
  •  a party
  •  a lesson
  •  a cup of coffee
  •  a shower

 

 

 

 

 


 

  Other things you can have

 

《example》

  dinner, breakfast, a meal, something to eat

  a meeting, a competition, a game of football

  an exam, homework, an appointment (with the dentist)

  a drink, a sandwich, an ice-cream, some cheese

◉  a bath, a swim, a sauna

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Expressions with have

   that your camera? Can I have a look? (= look at it)

  Is that your bicycle? Can I have a go?  (= ride it)

◉  Can I have a word with you?  (= speak to you)

  We always have a good time in our English lessons, right? (= fun, we enjoy them)

◉  I’m going to have my hair cut.

◉  I want to learn to ski but I don’t have the time.

 

 

 

 

 

have + got ☆

have + got  (speaking / informal)   =   have (writing / formal)

 

 

◉   I’ve got 3 sisters. Have you got any brothers and sisters?

◉   My house is big. It‘s got 5 bedrooms and 3 bathrooms.

◉   We‘ve got 10 minutes before the train goes.

◉   Have you got a pen?

◉   I’ve got a problem. Can I have a word with you?

◉   I’ve got a cold (a headache).

 

 

 

 

《 Dialogue 》

(In a shop)

A:  Do you sell postcards?

B:  Yes, but we haven’t got any at the moment.

 

 

 

 

 

have to…♡

We use have to when the situation means you must do something.

 

For example…

◉  The museum’s not free. You have to pay € 10 to go in.

  All students have to do the exam.

◉  I haven’t got a car, so I have to walk to school every day.

 

 

 

 

 

☆ Exercises ☆

 

 Fill the gaps in the sentences. Use words from these…

 party, dinner, meeting, coffee, shower, fruit, swim, appointment, cards, exam, toast

 

 

 

 

1.  I always have ____ and ____ for breakfast.

2.  I have an ____ with the dentist at 3 o’clock.

3.  Do you want to have a game of ____?

4.  He’s having a ____ on Saturday. Are you going?

5.  Do you want to have a ____ ? The bathroom’s just here.

 

6.  I have an ____ tomorrow, so I have to study tonight.

7.  We must have a ____ to talk about these problems.

8.  I’m going to the cafeteria to have a ____. Do you want to come?

9.  The hotel has a swimming pool, so we can have a ____ every day.

10.  We can have ____ before the film, or we can eat after it.

 

 

 

 

 

Answer the questions about yourself ♡

 

 

 

1.  Have you got any brothers or sisters?

2.  What time do you have lunch on Sundays?

3.  What do you have for breakfast?

4.  How many pens have you got with you now?

5.  Do you always have a party on your birthday?

6.  What do you usually have when you go to a restaurant?

 

 


 

 

Possible answers

1.   I‘ve got one brother and two sisters.

2.   I have it at 12:30.

3.   I have a sandwich and a cup of tea.

4.   I‘ve got two.

5.   Yes, I always have a party.

6.   I usually have pasta or fish.

 

 

 

 

 

Match the sentences from 1〜5 with the words from A〜E ☆

 

1.  You have it in a restaurant.

2.  People often have one on their birthday.

3.  Do you want to have a ____ of tennis?

4.  You have it at school or university.

5.  If you don’t like coffee, you can have ____.

 

A.  exam

B.  party

C.  meal

D.  game

E.  tea

 

 

 

 

 

What do you say?

1.   (Someone is thirsty)  Why don’t you have ____?

2.   (Someone is going away)  Bye! Have a ____!

3.   (Someone sneezes and has a red nose)  Oh! Have you got a ____?

4.   (Someone has a new camera)  Is that new? Can I have ____?

 

 


 

Possible answers

1.   a drink  /  some water  / a cup of tea

2.   good time  /  good journey

3.   cold

4.   a look

 

 


 

 

どうでしたか?

難しかったですか?

それとも超簡単だったでしょうか?😊

 

いずれにしても、無理なく楽しみながら勉強を継続させていってくださいね〜!

 

それでは、次回のレッスンでまたお会いしましょう!(^ ^)/

 

 

 

 

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