the highest reported age at death is now well above 110 years and appears to increase over time.The number of centenarians has doubled every decade since 1960 in low-mortality countries, refuting the belief held two decades ago that this number could not increase.
(Much controversy about the limits to life expectancy continues among demographers.)
These past demographic changes and current uncertainties raise questions about the potential for human longevity and our collective future.
“Because the medicine progresses, we should be able to live long more.”
“No way! There are some problems, like the environmental disruption. We may no longer live long.”
The most important questions relate to the limits to life expectancy and to the future number of the oldest old, both nonagenarians and centenarians. In addition, there is particular interest in the health status of the oldest old.
The levels of functional ability and robustness or frailty are major determinants of the quality of life of the oldest old.
It is important to know whether life expectancy in good health can progress proportionally with total life expectancy.
Don’t say, “we should only live long.”
A centenarian is a person who lives to or beyond the age of 100 years. Because life expectancies worldwide are less than 100, the term is invariably associated with longevity.
A supercentenarian is a person who has lived to the age of 110 or more, something only achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians.
Even rarer is a person who has lived to age 115 – there are only tens of people in recorded history who have indisputably reached this age.
Now, the United Nations estimated that there were over 450,000 living centenarians worldwide. As life expectancy is increasing across the world, and the world population has also increased rapidly, the number of centenarians is expected to increase quickly in the future.
The United States currently has the greatest number of known centenarians of any nation with 53,364 according to the 2010 Census, 82.8% of US centenarians were female. Japan has the second-largest number of centenarians, with an estimated 51,376 as of September 2012.
The total number of living centenarians in the world remains uncertain. It was estimated by the Population Division of the United Nations as 23,000 in 1950, 110,000 in 1990, 150,000 in 1995, 209,000 in 2000, 324,000 in 2005 and 455,000 in 2009.
The number of centenarians in Japan has topped 60,000 for the first time ever, hitting a record high for the 45th straight year, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare said.
The number of people aged 100 or older is expected to total 61,568. When the ministry started compiling the statistics in 1963, the nation only had 153 centenarians. The number exceeded 10,000 in 1998, 30,000 in 2007, and 50,000 in 2012, as the aging of the country’s population progressed.
In Japan, the number of centenarians is highly skewed towards females. Japan in fiscal year 2016 had 57,525 female centenarians, while males were 8,167.
The latest survey showed that women account for 87.3 percent of the total number of people over 100 years old.
In the spring of 2016, a 99-year-old Japanese woman committed suicide. All her friends of the same generation died.
“I don’t have friends.”
“I don’t want to live anymore.”
It seemed to be her favorite phrases…
◉ Harmonious households…
◉ The family who looks happy…
On the other hand,
The corpse of a woman was washed ashore on the shore in Kobe city, Hyogo Prefecture.
(Her cause of death is suicide)
Her name is Miyoko (a fictitious name)
She lost her husband and has lived as one for a long time.However…
◉ She doesn’t have any economical uneasiness
◉ The relation between family (with her children) is good
◉ The neighborly relations are good, too
She did enjoy being stylish, though she used some services ( support of the everyday life , like meal and care).She was really in good health. She was well enough to dress up.
It was thought that she spent a happy life.
Her favorite phrase was the following words.
“I don’t want to become 100 years old.”