You’re in Japan now, but don’t know a word of Japanese. Around 130 million people speak Japanese, the ninth most widely spoken language in the world.
Outside Japan itself, there are approximately 5 million people who speak Japanese with some degree of fluency – predominantly descendants of Japanese emigrants in Hawaii, Brazil and other parts of the Americas.
Need not worry😄
Here are some basic phrases that will help you throughout your trip!
Japanese has 3 alphabets, kanji, hiragana and katakana.
※ Kanji・・・Chinese ideograms imported from the sixth century onwards
愛 (ai：love )
※ Hiragana and Katakana・・・both 45 character alphabets. katakana is used mainly for foreign loanwords
しょうゆ (shouyu：Soy sauce)
You’re on your way to Japan. The thing is, you don’t know a word of Japanese. U—m…What should you do?
If you don’t want to completely learn to speak Japanese, here are useful Japanese phrases for the traveler or visitor.
You should read the following Japanese phrases and survive! 😊 All of the phrases are in polite language, called teineigo (丁寧語) in Japanese. The title of each number comes in Japanese, then in English.
Starting with basic phrases ♡
- 1 ☆ Ohayou Gozaimasu (おはようございます)
- 2 ☆ Konnichiwa (こんにちは)
- 3 ☆ Konbanwa (こんばんは)
- 4 ☆ Oyasuminasai (おやすみなさい)
- 5 ☆ Arigatou Gozaimasu (ありがとうございます)
- 6 ☆ Watashi no Namae wa ~ desu. (わたしのなまえは～です。)
- 7 ☆ ~ ni Ikitai Desu. (～にいきたいです。)
- 8 ☆ ~ wa Doko Desuka? (～はどこですか？)
- 9 ☆ ~wo kudasai (〜をください)
- 10 ☆ Ikura Desuka? (いくらですか？)
- 11 ☆ Daijyoubu Desu. (だいじょうぶです。)
◉ Good Morning ☆
There are two ways of saying good morning in Japanese: the formal and informal way. The formal way is Ohayou Gozaimasu. If you’re greeting strangers, it’s safer to go with the formal way of saying it. The informal way is Ohayo(u).
◉ Hello ☆
Konninchiwa is the both formal and informal way to say hello. It can apply to morning, noon and afternoon. It’s a pretty broad way of greeting, so mastering this would be useful ♡
◉ Good Evening ☆
Same as konninchiwa, konbanwa consists of both the formal and informal ways to say good evening. This phrase applies to when the sun goes down, and night time ☆
◉ Good Night ☆
You know, you are overusing the Japanese you just learned. Is it boring? doesn’t matter! In the next level, you will learn the word of thank you, arigatou.
◉ Thank You ☆
◉ My name is ~.
Next, on asking directions, or using a taxi!
cf. I want to go to the station.
(Watashi wa ) Eki ni ikitai desu.
cf. I want to go to Shibuya.
(Watashi wa ) Shibuya ni ikitai desu.
◉ Where is ~?
Doko means where. Desuka is the standard sentence ending to a question. Dokodesuka is a formal way of asking directions. Doko is an informal way of doing so. This phrase can be used for asking directions.
cf. Where is Tokyo tower?
Tokyo tower wa doko desuka?
◉ Please give me ~.
cf. Please give me chocolate.
chocolate wo kudasai.
Wo is a conjunction. Kudasai is a polite way of asking please. By asking this phrase, you can look at the product up close. It can also mean you want to purchase the product.
cf. I’ll take it.
it = sore
Sore wo kudasai.
◉ How much is it?
cf. How much is this?
This = kore
kore wa ikura desuka?
◉ I’m fine ☆
Daijyoubu means it’s okay, or you’re fine. Daijyoubu Desu is a polite way of saying no, or declining an offer. You can say this when your waiter is pouring water, or offering more food, or so on.
How was today’s lesson? too easy, isn’t it?
If you really want to learn to speak Japanese, you’re going to have to deal with a few issues that we don’t have in English.
- Japanese has a subject-object-verb word order and uses particles—such as wa (topic particle), no (genitive or possessive particle), o(accusative or direct object particle) ga (nominative particle)—to indicate the role and relationship of nouns in the sentence.
- While Japanese verbs are conjugated (change form) to indicate tense and negation, they are not conjugated to agree with the subject as in many other languages.
- Japanese nouns are not pluralised or marked for gender, but Japanese does use “counters,” particles that are introduced between the number and the noun, that vary according to the nature of the object being counted. For instance, Japanese will use a different counter for people, animals, thin flat objects, long cylindrical objects, and so on.
and then, learn a little bit more…